how to guide and fundamentals of Skateboarding
How to Buy A Skateboard
There is a lot more to a skateboard than meets the eye. The
Skateboard is actually a highly technical piece of equipment
comprised of many parts, all working together for speed,agillity,
and most of all tricks.
Your style of riding, budget, and terrain is how you will
disided on what type of skateboard and components are right
The deck (Skateboard,
- There are two general length classifications
of skateboard: Traditional/Street: under 33 in; and Longboard;
over 35 in
- Traditional decks are the most common,
and most versatile, while long boards are generally used
for cruising only and provide the rider a very "surfy"
- Length choice is a purely personal
decision, although a general rule states that smaller
skaters should choose shorter boards (for control)
- Street decks range between 7.5 in and
8.25 in, although some decks are wider or narrower
- Width choice is also a purely personal
decision, although smaller skaters (especially smaller
footed skaters) will find a deck under 8 in makes it easier
to learn tricks
- Most decks (except for some longboards)
have a raised nose, tail, and sides. This is called the
- The depth and overall shape of the
concave has a dramatic effect on the response of the skateboard
to the skater
- The deeper the concave, the more aggressive
the skater can be with their tricks
- The shallower the concave, the more
forgiving the deck is for newer skaters
- The most common deck material is wood
- Almost all wood deck skateboards are
made from Canadian Maple
- Each deck maker uses a varying number
of plys (layers), usually no less than 5 and no more than
- Some less expensive skateboards utilize
plastic for the deck. While this material is cheaper and
more durable than wood, it does not offer the same responsivness.
- Other materials
- More recent materials of skateboard
design include aluminum and fiberglass/carbon composites
- These materials are being used to try
to improve upon the durability of wood, while maintaining
its characteristics (pop/responsiveness)
- Size is determined purely by deck width
(although some skaters prefer certain truck widths)
- Most trucks range between 4.75 in and
- A slightly wider truck will offer a more
stable landing platform and shorter turning radius, but
- Certain trucks can be found up to 7 in.
This size truck is strictly used in conjunction with longboards.
- Every truck is made from various versions
of alloy metal (although some inexpensive skateboards use
- Increasingly, truck manufacturers are
experimenting with space age metals in their alloy, like
- The goal is to maintain the strength of
the truck while reducing the weight
- Trucks also incorporate a bushing, which
is the mechanism by which a truck turns. These bushings
are available in varying degrees of hardness, which effect
the ease by which a skateboard turns.
All skateboard wheels are made from polyurethane.
However, the composition and color of skateboard wheels varies
- Most common skateboard wheels are between
52 mm and 60 mm
- Smaller riders might find the small
wheels to be lighter and easier to control, however, wheel
size is very much a rider preference item
- Larger wheels (above 60 mm) are almost
exclusive to longboards
- They are very fast and usually wider
than smaller wheels
How to determine the size
of your wheels
for many uses. Street, skate parks, bowls. Smaller riders.
for many uses. Street, skate parks, bowls, vert ramps.
rides. Long boards, hill riding, dirt boards.
- All street skateboard wheels are considerably
hard. This hardness is rated in a measurement called durometer.
- Any wheel over 90a is considered hard
- The harder the wheels, the more pop
a skater can get, but the harder they land
- Large wheels are also usually soft wheels
(less than 90a durometer)
- The softness of these wheels creates
a much smoother ride and offers more traction than a harder/smaller
- These wheels are what allow a longboard
skateboard to "surf" the earth
How to determine the durometer
of your wheels
riding, long boards, hill riding. Very rough surfaces.
riding, rough surfaces, smooth, fast, and durable.
around street, skate park, ramp and pool. Smooth surfaces.
hard with least grip. Not good on rough or too slick surfaces.
Choice of many top pros.
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